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Highlights of Recent Scientific Earthquake Hazard Mitigation
PENG Fei
Institute of Earthquake Forecasting, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China
摘要:
Earthquakes are a serious natural disaster faced by countries all over the world. Research on earthquake hazard mitigation are important parts of earthquake science and is a feature of China's development of earthquake science. In recent years, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of the People's Republic of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and the China Earthquake Administration (CEA) have attached great importance to basic research on earthquake hazard mitigation, and new opportunities and challenges have emerged. This paper collects the applications and approvals of the National Key R&D Program and the NSFC projects undertaken by the research institutes of the CEA system in recent years. The CEA system has received funding in the 13th “Five-year Plan” for “Monitoring, Early Warning and Prevention of Major Natural Disaster”. The implementation of these projects is expected to provide support for the basic science and applied research of the CEA system. In the NSFC, the number of applications from the CEA system is relatively stable, and the funding rate is slightly higher than the average for the department of earth science. Although no detailed statistical analysis has been performed, the CEA system still has room for improvement in the application of talent and major programs. I hope that the brief review of new opportunities that have arose in recent years described in this article can provide some background and new thinking for future challenges.
关键词:  Earthquake Hazard Mitigation  Basic research  Science and technology
DOI:10.19743/j.cnki.0891-4176.201901006
分类号:
基金项目:This project was sponsored by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No.2018YFC1503200) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos.41614058,41790463 and 41574050).
Highlights of Recent Scientific Earthquake Hazard Mitigation
PENG Fei
Institute of Earthquake Forecasting, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China
Abstract:
Earthquakes are a serious natural disaster faced by countries all over the world. Research on earthquake hazard mitigation are important parts of earthquake science and is a feature of China's development of earthquake science. In recent years, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of the People's Republic of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and the China Earthquake Administration (CEA) have attached great importance to basic research on earthquake hazard mitigation, and new opportunities and challenges have emerged. This paper collects the applications and approvals of the National Key R&D Program and the NSFC projects undertaken by the research institutes of the CEA system in recent years. The CEA system has received funding in the 13th “Five-year Plan” for “Monitoring, Early Warning and Prevention of Major Natural Disaster”. The implementation of these projects is expected to provide support for the basic science and applied research of the CEA system. In the NSFC, the number of applications from the CEA system is relatively stable, and the funding rate is slightly higher than the average for the department of earth science. Although no detailed statistical analysis has been performed, the CEA system still has room for improvement in the application of talent and major programs. I hope that the brief review of new opportunities that have arose in recent years described in this article can provide some background and new thinking for future challenges.
Key words:  Earthquake Hazard Mitigation  Basic research  Science and technology