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基于地方作为主体的芦山地震灾后重建规划组织管理
曾帆1,2) 邱建1,3) 韩效1)
1.西南交通大学建筑学院,四川成都610031;/2. 四川农业大学资源学院,四川成都 611130;/3. 四川省住房和城乡建设厅,四川成都 610041
摘要:
“4.20”芦山地震灾后重建借鉴了“5.12”汶川地震的经验教训,建立了以地方作为主体的组织管理新机制。据此,基层政府展开了规划建设领域组织管理模式的多元探索,积累的有效经验包括开展规划编制全覆盖,实施城乡规划总牵头,进行灾区空间总管控;在项目建设上实行“五总”管理新模式;针对农房重建这一薄弱环节,通过加强现场监管、建立技术系统、强化公众参与等方式,探索出改进农房建设管理新机制。
关键词:  规划组织管理  芦山地震  灾后重建  地方作为主体    “五总”模式
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:
The Planning,Organization and Management of Post-disaster Reconstruction of the Lushan Earthquake Based on the Local as the Main Body
Zeng Fan1,2),Qiu Jian1,3)* and Han Xiao1
1)School of Architecture and Design,Southwest Jiaotong University,Chengdu 610031,China/2)College of Resources,Sichuan Agricultural University,Chengdu 611130,China/3)Housing and Urban-rural Construction Department of Sichuan Province,Chengdu 610041,China
Abstract:
A new organization and management mechanism with the local government as the main body was created during the post-disaster reconstruction of the “4. 20 ” Lushan earthquake,in which the experiences and lessons were drawn from the“5. 12”Wenchuan earthquake. Correspondingly,the local government conducted an exploration of the organization and management mode in the field of planning and construction. The effective experiences have been accumulated,including working out a full coverage planning, taking the leading part in the urban-rural planning,and exercising whole space control over the disaster area. An innovation management mode named as “Five Generals Pattern”was implemented in the construction projects. In view that the rural housing reconstruction was a weak link, a new approach to improving the construction management was investigated,by means of strengthening on-site supervision,establishing a technical platform,and bolstering public participation.
Key words:  Planning,organization and management  Lushan earthquake  Wenchuan earthquake  Post-disaster reconstruction  The local as the main body  Five Generals Pattern