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潮汐触发地震研究进展综述
李金1),蒋海昆2)
Author NameAffiliation
Li Jin 1) Institute of Earthquake Science, CEA, Beijing 100036 , China 
Jiang Haiknn 2) China Earthquake Networks Center, Beijing 100045 , China 
摘要:
对近年来国内外潮汐调制触发地震研究进行了系统综述,介绍了月相与地震活动的关系,日月引潮力及其分量对地震触发的情况,基于大样本统计的潮汐触发地震研究等内容。月相与地震活动的简单对应是对潮汐触发地震的初步研究,调制比是对这一现象的定量化描述。潮汐应力分解及对地震活动影响的研究,则是从力学的层面揭示两者之间的可能关系。大样本统计则从统计的角度研究潮汐对地震的关系,众多统计方法中应用较多的是Schuster检验,它将震源机制、潮汐应力、统计检验等因素综合考虑,定量地分析潮汐对地震的触发作用。
关键词:  地震活动 触发 引潮力 Schuster检验
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:
A Review on Tidal Triggering of Earthquakes
Li Jin1, Jiang Haiknn2
1) Institute of Earthquake Science, CEA, Beijing 100036 , China;2) China Earthquake Networks Center, Beijing 100045 , China
Abstract:
Research of tidal triggering of earthquakes in recent years is systematically reviewed, focusing on the relationship between the phases of the moon and seismic activity, earthquakes triggered by tidal forces and its components, based on the large sample statistics to discuss the tidal triggering of an earthquake. The relationship between the phase of the moon and seismic activity is a preliminary study of tidal triggering of earthquakes, and the modulation ratio is a quantitative description of it. Using the resolution of tidal stress to study seismic activity is a way to reveal the relationship between the tides and earthquakes from the mechanics point of view. Large sample statistics is another way to study the relationship between the tidal and earthquake from the view of statistics. In many statistical methods, Schuster's test is used more widely, which takes many factors into account, such as focal mechanism, tidal stress, and statistical tests to quantitatively analyze the tidal triggering effect on earthquakes.
Key words:  Seismic activity  Triggering  Tidal force  Schuster's test