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Review of the 2018 Palu Tsunami:Disaster Behavior and Reflections on Disaster Management
HU Jiupeng1, CHEN Yong2, LI Wen3, XU Yihe1, CAI Huiteng4
1.Seismic Observation and Geophysical Imaging Laboratory, Institute of Geophysics, CEA, Beijing 100081, China;2.School of Earth Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China;3.Geophysical Exploration Center, China Earthquake Administration, Zhengzhou 450002, China;4.Fujian Earthquake Agency, Fuzhou 350000, China
摘要:
The 2018 Palu MW7.5 earthquake and tsunami attracted geophysicists' attention for its strike slip focal mechanism and magnitude. We inspected the details of this disaster and discussed its particularity and possible causations. The submarine landslide and special terrain conditions could have contributed to the unusual size of the tsunami. The early warning system and the post disaster response is also reviewed. Efficient social warnings and broadcast systems along with good maintenance is essential. We also found that enhancing publics scientific literacy is the most important way to reduce disaster damage and casualties. Moreover, social conditions and rebuilding difficulties post tsunami are related as reference resources for future disaster management strategies.
关键词:  Palu tsunami  Disaster loss  Tsunami early warning  Disaster management
DOI:10.19743/j.cnki.0891-4176.201901004
分类号:
基金项目:This project was sponsored by the Scientific Research Institutes'Basic Research and Development Operations Special Fund of the Institute of Geophysics,China Earthquake Administration (Grant No.DQJB18B08) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.41674058 and 41804063).
Review of the 2018 Palu Tsunami:Disaster Behavior and Reflections on Disaster Management
HU Jiupeng1, CHEN Yong2, LI Wen3, XU Yihe1, CAI Huiteng4
1.Seismic Observation and Geophysical Imaging Laboratory, Institute of Geophysics, CEA, Beijing 100081, China;2.School of Earth Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China;3.Geophysical Exploration Center, China Earthquake Administration, Zhengzhou 450002, China;4.Fujian Earthquake Agency, Fuzhou 350000, China
Abstract:
The 2018 Palu MW7.5 earthquake and tsunami attracted geophysicists' attention for its strike slip focal mechanism and magnitude. We inspected the details of this disaster and discussed its particularity and possible causations. The submarine landslide and special terrain conditions could have contributed to the unusual size of the tsunami. The early warning system and the post disaster response is also reviewed. Efficient social warnings and broadcast systems along with good maintenance is essential. We also found that enhancing publics scientific literacy is the most important way to reduce disaster damage and casualties. Moreover, social conditions and rebuilding difficulties post tsunami are related as reference resources for future disaster management strategies.
Key words:  Palu tsunami  Disaster loss  Tsunami early warning  Disaster management