• You are welcome to ERC!
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   View/Add Comment  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 8次   下载 7 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
The Present Status and Prospect of Earthquake Focal Depth Locating
Zheng Yong,Xie Zujun
Author NameAffiliation
Zheng Yong Hubei Subsurface Multi-scale Imaging Key Laboratory, Institute of Geophysics and Geomatics, China University of Geosciences(Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China;State Key Laboratory of Geodesy and Geodynamics, Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China 
Xie Zujun Hubei Subsurface Multi-scale Imaging Key Laboratory, Institute of Geophysics and Geomatics, China University of Geosciences(Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China 
摘要:
Locating an earthquake's focal depth is always a key project in seismology. Precise focal depth is of critical importance for evaluating seismic hazards, deciphering dynamic mechanisms of earthquake generating, estimating aftershock evolutions and risk, as well as monitoring nuclear tests. However, how we determine an accurate focal depth is always a challenge in seismological studies. Aiming to solve these problems, we analyzed and summarized the present status and the future development of earthquake focal depth locating. In this paper we first reviewed the present status of focal depth locating in the world, and summarized the frequently-used relocating methods and ideas at present, and introduced two types of focal depth relocating ideas:arrival time relocating and waveform modeling methods. For these ideas, we systematically described the S-P and the Pn-Pg methods that belong to arrival time method, and polarization focal depth locating and amplitude focal depth locating that belongs to waveform modeling, and further analyzed the advantages and limitations of these methods. Since the depth phase methods are highly sensitive to focal depth, and are relatively free from the uncertainties of crustal models, we mainly reviewed the depth phases of sPmP, sPL, sPn, and sSn, and quantitatively evaluated their availabilities and characteristics. Second, we also discussed the effects of crustal velocity models on the reliability of focal depth locating, and reviewed the advancements of seismic tomography techniques over recent years. Finally, based on the present status of the progress on the focal depth locating, and studies of seismic velocity structures, we proposed an idea of combining multiple datasets and relocating methods, jointly utilizing seismologic and geodetic techniques to relocate focal depth, which should be the major research field in investigating focal depth and source parameters in the near future.
关键词:  Focal depth relocating  Arrival time locating  Waveform modeling  Depth phase  Joint inversion
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:This project was jointly sponsored by the Program of the National Sichuan-Yunnan Earthquake Prediction Study Area of China (2016CESE0204) and the Special Fund for Earthquake Research in the Public Welfare,CEA(201308013).
The Present Status and Prospect of Earthquake Focal Depth Locating
Zheng Yong,Xie Zujun
Abstract:
Locating an earthquake's focal depth is always a key project in seismology. Precise focal depth is of critical importance for evaluating seismic hazards, deciphering dynamic mechanisms of earthquake generating, estimating aftershock evolutions and risk, as well as monitoring nuclear tests. However, how we determine an accurate focal depth is always a challenge in seismological studies. Aiming to solve these problems, we analyzed and summarized the present status and the future development of earthquake focal depth locating. In this paper we first reviewed the present status of focal depth locating in the world, and summarized the frequently-used relocating methods and ideas at present, and introduced two types of focal depth relocating ideas:arrival time relocating and waveform modeling methods. For these ideas, we systematically described the S-P and the Pn-Pg methods that belong to arrival time method, and polarization focal depth locating and amplitude focal depth locating that belongs to waveform modeling, and further analyzed the advantages and limitations of these methods. Since the depth phase methods are highly sensitive to focal depth, and are relatively free from the uncertainties of crustal models, we mainly reviewed the depth phases of sPmP, sPL, sPn, and sSn, and quantitatively evaluated their availabilities and characteristics. Second, we also discussed the effects of crustal velocity models on the reliability of focal depth locating, and reviewed the advancements of seismic tomography techniques over recent years. Finally, based on the present status of the progress on the focal depth locating, and studies of seismic velocity structures, we proposed an idea of combining multiple datasets and relocating methods, jointly utilizing seismologic and geodetic techniques to relocate focal depth, which should be the major research field in investigating focal depth and source parameters in the near future.
Key words:  Focal depth relocating  Arrival time locating  Waveform modeling  Depth phase  Joint inversion